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Wednesday, May 16, 2018

Federal Law Against Sports Betting Found Unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court

The U.S. Supreme Court has found unconstitutional a federal law against sports betting, finding it encroaches on the rights of the States to make their own laws on gambling.

Debra Cassens Weiss has the story at Supreme Court strikes down federal law that bans sports betting.

We previously commented on Gambling and Gaming Laws and Online Fantasy Sports : What is Legal? What can be Prohibited?
 

Sunday, May 06, 2018

Preseason Game Calls 2018 Football Season: Nebraska Cornhuskers Based on YPP, Schedule Difficulty, Spring Games, etc.

Just for Fun: Preseason Game Calls 2018 Nebraska Cornhuskers Football Based on YPP, Spring Games, etc. 

[updated May 6, 2018, correcting stats (below) for Iowa]

As the season goes along, actual 2018 ypp game stats for NU and its opponents, including changes in schedule difficulty handicap, will change our predictions! Please let us know if we have errors in the stats, thanks:

For comparison, see Carriker Chronicles: Way-too-early predictions for Scott Frost's first Husker season.

Why the yards per play variable as our main standard of team comparison?
See NAYPPA at SportPundit and the Best Teams of All Time.

**********
CAN SCOTT FROST & COACHES DUPLICATE THE UCF (CENTRAL FLORIDA) SUCCESS?

UCF KNIGHTS 2015 to 2017 YPP STATS

YEAR..Won-Lost...Scoring......Yards Per Play.offense.defense.difference

2015...0-12.........13.9-37.7...diff -23.8...4.12ypp...6.54ypp... -2.42 ypp

Scott Frost hired as head coach by AD Danny White....for 2016 season
YEAR..Won-Lost...Scoring...............Yards Per Play offense defense diff
2016...6-7...........28.8-24.6...diff +4.2...4.68ypp...4.78ypp... -0.10 ypp
2017...13-0........48.2-25.3...diff +22.9..7.46ypp...5.74ypp... +1.72ypp

The NAYPPA (net average yards per play advantage) improvement of 4.14 yards per play in two years is fabulous, equatable in our YPPSYS system (when multiplied by 10) to a net theoretical improvement of 41.4 scoreboard points per game, i.e. about 6 touchdowns (plus PAT) PER GAME. In other words, the UCF 13-0 undefeated season was not "luck". The 2017 Knights were a championship quality team.

NEBRASKA SPRING GAMES 2017 and 2018

THE 2018 SPRING GAME The last time the underdog intramural White Team (as chosen by the coaches) beat the favored more experienced Huskers Red Team (as chosen by coaches) was when Scott Frost quarterbacked the White Team, more than 20 years ago.

2018 SPRING GAME
Spring Game April 2018 (Red Team vs. White Team)
- Yards Per Play (YPP) Stats

2018 Red Team 6.3 ypp on offense
- conversely White Team 3.7 ypp on offense
2018 Red Team 3.7 ypp  on defense (Top 10 class performance !)
 - conversely White Team 6.3 ypp on defense

2017 SPRING GAME
Spring Game 2017 stats via HuskerMax.com - Red Team vs. White Team
7.7 ypp on offense (Red Team) and 5.8 ypp  on defense (Red Team)

As one can see, the current Huskers are much stronger on defense, as was the case in the Scott Frost coaching staff's first year at UCF (see stats above).
The main UCF offensive improvement came in the following, undefeated year.

Whether the Husker offense can be built up more quickly remains to be seen.

Based on a comparison of the yards per play stats of the 2017 and 2018 Spring Games -- all other things equal -- we view the Huskers as played in the Spring Game 2018 as ONE touchdown better in 2018 than in 2017.

HOWEVER, based on Scott and Co.'s UCF success, we expect an additional ca. 2 TD improvement in the course of Autumn 2018 due to training, newly recruited players, better player knowledge of the new system, better knowledge of the players by the coaches, and greater overall strength.

NEBRASKA FOOTBALL SEASON 2017
YPP and SCHEDULE DIFFICULTY

Nebraska 2017 Season Cumulative Stats
YARDS PER PLAY - YPP
5.59 ypp on offense
6.34 ypp  on defense 

Defense was the big problem in 2017.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #29 (Massey), #9 (Sagarin):
(= our schedule difficulty handicap as the average of Massey plus Sagarin schedule difficulty ratings, multiplied by 3, and divided by 10. We then calculate the numerical result as a "schedule difficulty handicap". It is 6 points for Nebraska -- the schedule difficulty handicaps of opponents are included in calculating the final predicted game score.

NEBRASKA FOOTBALL SEASON 2018
ESTIMATED YPP and SCHEDULE DIFFICULTY
Nebraska 2018 Estimated Yards Per Play YPP Stats (OUR ESTIMATE)
(our preseason estimated improvement is based on the Spring Game and the coaching staff's UCF track record, as somewhat minimized due to tougher competition that will have to be faced in the Big Ten).

We estimate the following predicted stats for the 2018 season for the Huskers:
ca. 6.00 ypp on offense
ca. 5.00 ypp on defense


Our game score predictions are based on these provisionally prognosticated 2018 figures, plus an adjustment for schedule difficulty, plus 3 points advantage or disadvantage for home or opponent home field advantage.

Last season's 2017 ypp stats of Nebraska's 2018 opponents are taken here as provisionally predictive marks of 2018 opponent team strengths, i.e. as if nothing had changed. Of course, things have changed, and some teams will be stronger, others weaker, but we have no way to calculate that quantitatively.

Trend - 2018 NU Opponent 2016 & 2017 YPP
(YPP = YARDS PER PLAY)
(source: http://www.cfbstats.com/)

Akron Zips 2017 YPP 4.88 offense, 6.02 defense
Akron Zips 2016 YPP 5.99 offense, 6.05 defense

Colorado Buffaloes 2017 YPP 5.51 offense, 6.12 defense
Colorado Buffaloes 2016 YPP 5.54 offense, 4.87 defense
(what happened to the defense? one explanation is that defensive coordinator Jim Leavitt left for Oregon, which went from 6.44 ypp on defense in 2016 to 5.07 ypp on defense in 2017 - coaches can make a big difference!)

Troy Trojans 2017 YPP 6.24 offense, 4.78 defense
Troy Trojans 2016 YPP 5.72 offense, 5.05 defense

Michigan Wolverines 2017 YPP 5.18 offense, 4.52 defense
Michigan Wolverines 2016 YPP 5.85 offense, 4.21 defense

Purdue Boilermakers 2017 YPP 5.59 offense, 5.27 defense
Purdue Boilermakers 2016 YPP 5.11 offense, 6.22 defense
(that's theoretically equivalent to a 2-TD per game improvement)

Wisconsin Badgers 2017 YPP 6.09 offense, 4.42 defense
Wisconsin Badgers 2016 YPP 5.45 offense, 4.92 defense
(that's theoretically equivalent to an 11-point per game improvement)

Northwestern Wildcats 2017 YPP 5.31 offense, 5.02 defense
Northwestern Wildcats 2016 YPP 5.26 offense, 5.40 defense

Minnesota Golden Gophers 2017 YPP 4.88 offense, 5.52 defense
Minnesota Golden Gophers 2016 YPP 5.24 offense, 4.82 defense

Ohio State Buckeyes 2017 YPP 6.88 offense, 4.44 defense
Ohio State Buckeyes 2016 YPP 6.02 offense, 4.36 defense

2017 Illinois Fighting Illini YPP 4.64 offense, 5.66 defense
2016 Illinois Fighting Illini YPP 5.32 offense, 5.54 defense

Michigan State Spartans 2017 YPP 5.13 offense, 4.87 defense
Michigan State Spartans 2016 YPP 5.64 offense, 5.53 defense

Iowa Hawkeyes 2017 YPP 5.12 offense, 5.08 defense
Iowa Hawkeyes 2016 YPP 5.20 offense, 5.11 defense

We predict a 9-3 Husker season in 2018 with 10-2 as the extreme optimum and 8-4 as the likely minimum, though as bad as a 6-6 season is possible, if things go the wrong way. Some of the scores below appear to us at first glance to be more lopsided than one might expect by normal analysis. It must be recalled that we base our calculations upon a presumed nearly 3 touchdown NU improvement per game in 2018 over 2017. If that assumption proves to be too optimistic, then games will be closer than predicted below, and some games that we now see as Husker winners, may be losers.

Saturday,  September 1, 2018 vs. Akron at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Akron 2017 at 4.88 ypp on offense 6.02 ypp on defense, i.e. a minus -1.2 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp (plus) the minus -1.2 for Akron = a running 22 point advantage for NU.
Schedule difficulty Akron 2017: #95 (Massey), #85 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap for the Zips (AVERAGE of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 27 points ... minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska (subtracted from 27) gives 21 more points for NU, i.e. a running 43-point total.
Plus the home field advantage ... 3 points in favor of Nebraska gives a predicted 46 points in favor of Nebraska.
Our Call: 53-7 for Nebraska. Akron in recent years has given excellent teams such as Penn State some difficult games, so nothing is certain.

Saturday,  September 8, 2018 vs. Colorado at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Colorado 2017 at 5.51 ypp on offense 6.12 ypp on defense, i.e. minus -0.6 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp (plus) the minus -0.6 for Colorado = a running 16 point advantage for NU.
Schedule difficulty Colorado 2017: #71 (Massey),  #63 (Sagarin)  gives a schedule difficulty handicap for the Buffaloes (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 20 points ... minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 14 more points for NU, i.e. a running 30-point total.
Plus the home field advantage ... 3 points in favor of Nebraska gives a predicted 33 points in favor of the Huskers.
Our Call: 47-14 for Nebraska. Colorado was good two years ago. It could happen again, so take this prediction with a grain of salt.

Saturday,  September 15, 2018 vs. Troy at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Troy 2017 6.24 at ypp on offense 4.78 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +1.5 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +1.5 ypp for Troy = a 5 point running advantage for Troy.
Schedule difficulty Troy 2017: #118 (Massey), #149 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap for the Trojans (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 40 points... minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 34 points to NU, for a running 29-point total advantage to the Huskers.
Plus the home field advantage ... 3 points in favor of Nebraska gives a predicted 32 points in favor of the Cornhuskers.
Our Call: 45-13 for Nebraska. Troy has a super head coach and excellent players. They defeated highly regarded LSU last year. Accordingly, we expect a much closer game than our stats and game call indicate, so do not place too much stock in the lopsidedness of this prediction, as made by stats only. We ourselves will just be happy if the Huskers win this one.

Saturday,  September 22, 2018 vs. Michigan at Ann Arbor, Michigan
Michigan 2017 at 5.18 ypp on offense 4.52 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +0.7 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +0.7 ypp for Michigan = a 3 point running advantage for the Huskers.
Schedule difficulty Michigan 2017: #12 (Massey), #24 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 6 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 0 points to any team, for a running 3-point total advantage to the Huskers.
Home field advantage Michigan ... 3 points in favor of Michigan, which gives a net result of 0, i.e. a tie game. Overtime?
Our Call: It's a toss-up. Our better half is a graduate of Michigan, so this one is in the family, no matter who wins, although the edge right now appears to be with Michigan, due to the home field advantage.
       
Saturday,  September 29, 2018 Homecoming, vs. Purdue at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Purdue 2017 at 5.59 ypp on offense 5.27 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +0.3 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +0.3 ypp for Purdue = a 7 point running advantage for the Huskers.
Schedule difficulty Purdue 2017: #34 (Massey), #41 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 11 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 5 more points to the Huskers, for a running 12-point total advantage to the Huskers.
Home field advantage Nebraska ... 3 points in favor of the Huskers, for a total of 15 points.
Our Call: 35-20 for Nebraska. Purdue is an improving team. It could be closer.

Saturday,  October 6, 2018 vs. Wisconsin at Madison, Wisconsin
Wisconsin 2017 at 6.09 ypp on offense 4.42 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +1.5 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +1.5 ypp for Wisconsin = a 5 point running advantage for the Badgers.
Schedule difficulty Wisconsin 2017: #20 (Massey), #47 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 10 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 4 points to the Huskers, for a running 1-point total advantage to Wisconsin.
Home field advantage Wisconsin ... 3 points in favor of Wisconsin, gives the Badgers an advantage of 4 points.
Our Call: 27-23 for Wisconsin. We can't see Nebraska beating Wisconsin yet, but the game should be close because of the improved Cornhusker defense.
   
Saturday,  October 13, 2018 vs. Northwestern at Evanston, Illinois
Northwestern 2017 at 5.31 ypp on offense 5.02 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +0.3 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +0.3 ypp for Northwestern = a 7 point running advantage for the Huskers.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #33 (Massey), #50 (Sagarin) gives schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 12 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 6 points to the Huskers, for a running 13-point total advantage to the Huskers.
Home field advantage Northwestern ... 3 points in favor of Northwestern, gives Nebraska a 10-point advantage.
Our Call: 31-21 for Nebraska. Northwestern tends to play NU tough and the defenses will probably decide this one.
       
Saturday,  October 20, 2018 vs. Minnesota at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Minnesota 2017 at 4.88 ypp on offense 5.52 ypp on defense, i.e. a minus -0.6 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp plus the minus -0.6 ypp for Minnesota = a 16 point running advantage for the Huskers.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #48 (Massey), #59 (Sagarin) gives a chedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 16 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 10 points to the Huskers, for a running 26-point total advantage to the Huskers.
Home field advantage Nebraska ... 3 points in favor of Nebraska.
Our Call: 43-14 for Nebraska. The Golden Gophers under their new highly touted head coach P.J. Fleck were a disappointment last year, so be careful in 2018. Things can change quickly when newly installed systems begin to work.

Saturday  November 3, 2018 vs. Ohio State at Columbus, Ohio
Ohio State 2017 at 6.88 ypp on offense 4.44 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +2.4 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +2.4 ypp for Ohio State = a 14 point running advantage for the Buckeyes.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #6 (Massey), #13 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10): of 3 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 3 points to Ohio State, for a running 17-point total advantage for the Buckeyes.
Home field advantage Ohio State ... 3 points more for the Buckeyes gives a total advantage of 20 points, by the stats.
Our Call: 41-21 for Ohio State. We can not see Nebraska losing by 20 and trust that the score will be closer, whereas an NU win would be a sensation.
       
Saturday,  November 10, 2018 vs. Illinois at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Illinois 2017 at 4.64 ypp on offense 5.66 ypp on defense, i.e. a minus -1.0 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp plus the minus -1.0 ypp for the Illini = a 20 point running advantage for the Cornhuskers.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #63 (Massey), #43 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 16 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 10 more points to Nebraska, for a running 30-point total advantage for the Huskers.
Home field advantage Nebraska ... 3 points more in favor of the Cornhuskers makes 33 points.
Our Call: 47-14 for Nebraska. Former Super Bowl coach Lovie Smith was seen as a resurgent coaching hire for the Illini, who have however gone 3-9 and 2-10 in the past two seasons under his leadership.

Saturday,  November 17, 2018 vs. Michigan State at Memorial Stadium, Lincoln, Nebraska
Michigan State 2017 at 5.13 ypp on offense 4.87 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +0.3 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +0.3 ypp for the Spartans = a 7 point running advantage for the Cornhuskers.
Schedule difficulty 2017: #11 (Massey), #14 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10): of 4 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 2 points to Michigan State, for a running 5-point total advantage for the Huskers.
Home field advantage Nebraska ... 3 points more in favor of the Cornhuskers makes 8 points in favor of NU.
Our Call: 28-20 for Nebraska. The Spartans are strong on defense and thus in a position to win any game on their schedule, so that this is likely to be a hard-fought win for either team.

Friday,  November 23, 2018 vs. Iowa at Iowa City, Iowa

Iowa 2017 at 5.12 ypp on offense 5.08 ypp on defense, i.e. a plus +0.1 ypp.
The predicted NU 6.00 ypp offense and 5.00 ypp defense give an advantage of plus +1.0 ypp minus the plus +0.1 ypp for the Hawkeyes = a 9 point running advantage for the Cornhuskers.
Schedule difficulty 2017 : #8 (Massey), #5 (Sagarin) gives a schedule difficulty handicap (average of Massey plus Sagarin x 3 divided by 10) of 2 points, minus the 6 points schedule difficulty handicap of last year for Nebraska gives 4 points to Iowa, for a running 5-point total advantage for the Huskers.
Home field advantage Iowa ... 3 points for the Hawkeyes makes it 2 points in favor of Nebraska.
Our Call: 26-24 for Nebraska. Iowa has been strong in recent years, so that this game in Iowa City is no gimme for the Cornhuskers.

CONCLUSION       
If all goes well, we thus think that a ca. 9-3 season is possible for the Huskers in 2018, with a 10-2 season marking our most optimistic view and an 8-4 season being the worst we currently would expect, based on our predictions. We shall see. No one really knows at this point, and that is what makes it all so exciting for the coming 2018 Nebraska football season.

Saturday, May 05, 2018

McKewon on Scott Frost and UCF's Undefeated 2017 Championship Season

Nice article about UCF and the 2017 college football championship controversy. The whole idea of playoffs is to eliminate this kind of controversy. The playoffs failed. See McKewon: UCF's national championship claim continues to bother coaches — even Scott Frost | Football | omaha.com.

Thursday, March 29, 2018

Horse Riders: Equestrian Stories from Today and Yesteryear

At Scientific American, Roni Jacobson reports on new evidence linking horse riders ("equestrians") to the emergence of Proto-Indo-European language ("PIE"). See Scientific American.
After reading that article, take a look at our decipherment of the Avebury Henge Megaliths at our Ancient World Blog, in particular Avebury Henge Stone #42, which in our analysis represents the stars of Sagittarius as a horse rider.
Are we right? You better believe it!

(updated March 13, 2018)

Our view is that either you know something about this world, or you do not. Those of you who do want to know something, do read about the equestrian paradise Wellington, Florida, a playground for the richest of the rich.
 
Interesting for those of you out there who read beyond horse-blindered search engines such as Google Scholar,
is the Wellington Saga series (so its title in German), written originally in English by Jessica Whitman in the name of Nacho Figueras, the world's best-known professional polo player and Ralph Lauren model -- the "David Beckham of polo".
See Nacho Figueras Presents and his polo team Black Watch at https://www.facebook.com/Black-Watch-Polo-Team-8628204013/ and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/BlackWatch_Polo_Team

Is there a larger "horse connection" at Wellington? Absolutely. As written at the Wikipedia: "Wellington is host to the Winter Equestrian Festival, the largest and longest running horse show in the world from January to April."

Wellington, Florida also has interesting connections to Donald Trump, Bill Gates and Steve Jobs, see below.

Donald Trump
If you drive due West on US 98 from Mar-a-Lago, you arrive in Wellington after about 15 miles. Black Watch (former) owner Neil Hirsch lives in Wellington https://wikivividly.com/wiki/Neil_Hirsch and he is a childhood friend of Black Watch owner Peter M. Brant, who is a childhood friend of U.S. President Donald Trump. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peter_M._Brant
And read a bit about the The Polo Crashers....

Bill Gates and Wellington

Steve Jobs' widow Laurene Powell Jobs and Wellington

So, just as in the days of far distant European antiquity, when it all comes down to where it's really at, it's the horses!





Saturday, March 17, 2018

Cornhusker Football: You KNOW the Huskers Will be Better in 2018 After You Read This

How could a coaching staff turn a winless (0-12) UCF football team into the only undefeated (13-0) FBS team in the nation in only two seasons?

Let us count the ways:

First, in the spirit of Benjamin Franklin:
"Early to Bed and Early to Rise, Makes a Man Healthy, Wealthy and Wise."

Get the story here.

When you read that, you won't "hope" that last year's 4-8 Huskers will be better this year.

Rather, you will KNOW that they will be better.

Thursday, February 15, 2018

Nebraska Cornhuskers 2018 Spring Game is SOLD OUT and Will be Broadcast Live on the Big Ten Network

It's official as Husker football news:
the April 21, 2018 Nebraska Cornhuskers
Red-White 2018 Spring Game is sold out
and will be aired live on the Big Ten Network.

Nebraska's Memorial Stadium has a capacity of 87,091.
It is the first sold out Husker football Spring Game ever.
Quite a deal for a team scrimmage!

Local and nationwide interest in Nebraska football has skyrocketed since the start of a new University of Nebraska sports era with new Nebraska athletic director Bill Moos and his hiring of new football head coach Scott Frost and staff, together with their signing of a talented 2018 Class of recruits, plus a bevy of promising Nebraska in-state walk-ons. All these developments have led to excited optimism about the Big Red future.

More importantly, add to this the exceptional culture, football savvy and game modernity that was showcased by Frost and Staff at UCF and you have the unmistakable makings of a winner.

See
Landof10.com
and
Big Red Rising


"Reasonable" Expectations for the 2018 Nebraska Football Season Based on the Scott Frost & Coaching Staff UCF Track Record

"Reasonable" Expectations for the 2018 Nebraska Football Season Based on the Scott Frost & Coaching Staff UCF Track Record

The buoyant optimism that currently marks Nebraska football expectations is surely justified, but just how good will the Huskers be in 2018? What improvement can "reasonably" be expected of the Cornhuskers?

To get a more objective handle on the answer to that question, we turned to our proven major predictive variable: which is team yards per play stats viz. NAYPPA (net average yards per play advantage -- read more here).

Scott Frost Coaching Staff Track Record at the Central Florida Knights:

Scott Frost and Staff inherited a 2015 UCF Knights team that went winless, posting a 0-12 won-loss record.

The 2015 Central Florida Knights scored 13.9 points per game and had 37.7 points per game scored against them, a negative difference of 23.8 points per game.

The 2015 Knights averaged 4.12 yards per play on offense and allowed 6.54 yards per play on defense, a negative net difference of minus 2.42 yards per play. Experience has shown that one-tenth of a yards per play difference can be equated to 1 scoreboard point, so we multiply minus 2.42 by 10 in our to equate that to ca. 24.2 scoreboard points, which in fact turns out to be a close approximation of the actual scoring difference of 23.8 points in 2015.

Now let us look at the development of these stats at UCF in 2016 and 2017, the years of the Scott and Staff UCF era, as compared to 2015:

UCF KNIGHTS

YEAR..Won-Lost...Scoring...............Yards Per Play offense defense diff

2015...0-12.........13.9-37.7...diff -23.8...4.12ypp...6.54ypp... -2.42 ypp

Scott Frost hired as head coach by AD Danny White....for 2016 season

YEAR..Won-Lost...Scoring...............Yards Per Play offense defense diff

2016...6-7...........28.8-24.6...diff +4.2...4.68ypp...4.78ypp... -0.10 ypp
2017...13-0........48.2-25.3...diff +22.9..7.46ypp...5.74ypp... +1.72ypp

The NAYPPA improvement of 4.14 yards per play in two years is fabulous, equatable in our system (when multiplied by 10) to a net theoretical improvement of 41.4 points per game, i.e. about 6 touchdowns (plus PAT) PER GAME. In other words, the UCF 13-0 undefeated season was not "luck". The 2017 Knights were a championship quality team.

NEBRASKA CORNHUSKERS

Now let us look at some stats of the Nebraska Cornhuskers. Below are the ypp and scoring stats for the Huskers over the last 2 decades, in selected years:

1997 national champions. Scott Frost was the NU quarterback, and it was the last Tom Osborne NU football head coaching year, a year in which Nebraska coincidentally also played UCF (winning 38-24) in a season that started with a game against Akron, who will be the first opponent this coming 2018 season (see the 2018 schedule).

YEAR..Won-Lost...Scoring...............Yards Per Play offense defense diff
(diff= difference, ypp = yards per play)

1997...13-0.........47.1-16.4...diff +30.7....6.6ypp...4.3ypp... +2.3ypp
2003 ...10-3.........24.8-14.5...diff +10.3....4.9ypp...4.4ypp...  +0.5ypp
(head coach fired -- scoring diff 20 points less than 1997, ypp 18 points less)
2007 ...5-7..........33.4-37.9 ...diff  -4.5 .....6.3ypp ...6.1ypp... +0.2ypp
(head coach fired, 5-7 record)
2014 ...9-4.......... 37.8-26.4...diff +11.4.....6.22ypp...5.37ypp...+0.85ypp
(head coach fired, 9-4 record)
2016 ... 9-4.......... 26.5-23.9...diff +2.6...... 5.36ypp...5.53ypp...-0.17ypp
(the 2016 ypp stats indicate that the won-loss record did not tell the tale)
2017 ...4-8..........25.8-36.4....diff -10.6.....5.59ypp...6.34ypp...-0.75ypp
(head coach fired, 4-8 record)

The Husker NAYPPA, "net average yards per play advantage" of offense over defense, within two decades thus dropped a significant 3.05 yards per play, multiplied by 10 making the Huskers a theoretical 30.5 scoreboard points worse per game in 2017 than in 1997 and in fact the average scoring differential on the scoreboard was 41.3 points worse in 2017 than 1997. It must be noted here that the 2016 season may have given a more accurate scoreboard differential, while the 2017 team faded badly at the end, exacerbating the bad stats.

Scott Frost hired as head coach by AD Bill Moos....for 2018 season

2018 ... ???? what will be ????

If Scott Frost and his coaching staff have similar success at Nebraska as they did at UCF, it can be expected that the yards per play stats will improve considerably in 2018, quite apart from the won-loss record that emerges, where serendipity elements of schedule and fortune can play a large role.

The question is: what is a "reasonable" prediction for yards per play improvement as regards a Husker offense that in yards per play was "about average" in FBS in 2017 (67th out of 130 teams) and a defense that was "far below average" in yards per play in FBS in 2017 (112th out of 130 teams). Combine those two stats, and Nebraska ranked about 90th in FBS in 2017.

DEFENSE: If Scott Frost and his coaching staff can bring the defense at least back to "average" ... i.e. a defensive yards per play stat of ca. 5.6 yards per play, that would equate to one TD (plus PAT) per game. To improve by two TDs per game via defense alone, that stat of yards permitted to the opposite team would have to be reduced to ca. 4.9 yards per play.

OFFENSE: If Scott Frost and his coaching staff can bring the offense to "above average", and this is surely a conservative estimate, that would be an offensive yards per play stat of ca. 6.3 yards per play, equivalent to an improvement over 2017 of one TD (plus PAT) per game. To improve by two TDs per game via offense alone, yards per play would have to go to ca. 7.0 ypp.

We think that a conservative expectation for 2018 is an improvement of one TD per game via defense and one TD per game via offense, or a total improvement of 14 points per game over 2017 and a total NAYPPA improvement of 1.4. That might not look like much, but it would put the team rating and ranking near ca. 25th in the nation. Any improvement better than 1.4 NAYPPA in the 2018 season would put Nebraska in the Top 20. If the Huskers were to improve as much in 2018 as UCF did on average in their two years of Scott Frost head coaching, then they would catapult into the Top 10.

Nevertheless, a slower improvement over several years is the more realistic expectation. We shall see, and it should be great fun for Husker Nation.

Thursday, February 08, 2018

Under Armour All-America Game MVP Maurice Washington Commits to Nebraska - Rivals Reports

College football recruiting is an important element for prediction of later team success on the football field, but the exact pre-college rankings of individual players is an educated guess at best, even if the totality of a team's recruited player class gives some idea as to the potential of that recruitment class.

A good example of the difficulty of individual ranking is the Rivals.com article reporting that All-American phenom Maurice Washington commits to Nebraska.

Maurice Washington's decision to become a Husker is a great feather in the cap of the University of Nebraska, who, in the short period under new football head coach Scott Frost and staff, after departing UCF, jumped incredibly from 89th to 21st place (or 22nd by the 247 sports composite, while Bleacher Report dropped the ball entirely) in the 2018 recruiting rankings.

Indeed, Maurice Washington was not even ranked among the top 250 recruitment players at Rivals, but came on to win the MVP at the Under Armour All-America game. Player rankings are by no means determinative of player potential. Thank goodness for that. There is plenty of room for development and for the input of coaching staffs to improve their teams.

Just consider that such a dominant force as Ndamukong Suh was only rated the 51st best prospect in the Class of 2005 and only the 6th best at his position. Of course, Suh turned out to be a singular talent as a lineman.

Player ratings and rankings provide a good general guide as to whether a school is recruiting players with good college football potential. However, some lower ranked or completely unheralded players will surface to greatness during their college careers while many top-ranked high school players will not necessarily live up to overly high expectations. College days are days of growth and development. Who can predict what they will bring?

We read that during the Tom Osborne head-coached years of Nebraska football, when the Cornhuskers perched atop the college football hierarchy, the Big Red never had a recruiting class that was ranked above 7th overall.

Obviously, there are many OTHER factors other than player pre-college ranking that come into play in determining college football champions -- as we saw in the undefeated UCF 2017 college football "championship" season.

Good luck to all, regardless of how many stars are pinned on chests before a college game has yet been played. The proof is always in the pudding. In the last analysis, performance on the field and not paper prognostications count.

We are looking forward to the 2018 Husker season, where we expect Scott Frost and staff to continue the strong modern offense-oriented game that they showcased at UCF, combined with a potentially greatly upgraded Class 2018 pass defense. If the Cornhuskers are destined to return to college football prominence, as seems to be the case under Scott Frost based on his first two months on the job, it will be interesting to see how long a full resurgence will take. Can the Big Red win 10 games in 2018? We now think it to be possible.


Wednesday, February 07, 2018

Maurice Washington, Under Armour All America Game MVP, Commits to Huskers

Running back Maurice Washington, MVP of the Under Armour All-America football game, has committed to the Huskers 2018 Class, giving the Cornhuskers, Scott Frost and staff, U of N, and the nationwide Nebraska fan base a resounding recruiting win of a potentially great future player heading into Frost's first season as Big Red head coach for a storied Nebraska football program ready to rise again to the top. Nebraska can surely look forward to exciting days ahead in Huskerland in the coming season.

Monday, January 22, 2018

Global Warming? Find Out How Much Warmer Your City was in 2017

To find out,
enter your city name at the NY Times at
How Much Warmer Was Your City in 2017?

UCF National Champs - We Agree


Also read our previous post to get some idea of how the Knights got to 13-0.
Not by chance, but by hard work and superb teamwork.

UCF surely could have beaten any team in FBS, surely not every game day, but the Knights did beat all comers in the 2017/2018 season.

Could Central Florida have beaten the Crimson Tide?

Absolutely, and of course not every game day out of ten matches, but the relatively weaker Alabama offense would have found it difficult to match the UCF scoreboard point total, while their top defense is circa on a par with Auburn, who nevertheless lost to UCF, giving up 34 points. By contrast, the Tigers' defense held 'Bama to just 14 points.

Of course, the playoffs should have given UCF a chance to win on that playoff basis, but the "pro-big-conference-skewed-system" failed. Four teams are too few. How can Division I FCS, Division II and Division III all manage to conduct full playoffs, while Division I FBS fails?

By contrast, UCF did not fail.

National champs?

In our eyes, yes, among other things beating the team that beat both playoff finalists in the first matchups regular season. Rematches in our opinion are just that.

We are Gus Malzahn fans, but the social media and surely playoff committee thinking that the Tigers could "dust 'em'" was totally wrong about UCF team strength. The Knights were far better than most anyone had expected.

Winners are determined on the field, not in playoff committees.

Alabama retains the title of Playoff Champion, nothing more,
since that playoff is not an official NCAA championship,
the only such limited title of its kind in college sports.
Should that be corrected?

Yes, of course.
But don't expect the NCAA slowpokes to do it this season.
It takes time for people to accept the inevitable realities.

Husker Football Winter War Zone

The fun of winning and being a winner starts with hard work. The "new" football Huskers start their path back to the "old" top of the heap.
Scott Frost’s former players say Nebraska Cornhuskers’ winter ‘war zone’ will be worth it

Friday, January 12, 2018

Ike? So You Think You Know Football? Time to Get The Perfect Pass: American Genius and the Reinvention of Football by S.C. Gwynne as Reviewed at Delanceyplace.com

In order to spread the word, we have below copied the material from the Delanceyplace.com newsletter that we receive (well worth a scrute -- take a look at Delanceyplace.com !).

We hope it increases knowledge about football and ups the sales of the reviewed book. - posted at SportPundit and LawPundit

THE REVIEW BELOW is copyright DELANCEYPLACE.COM

Today's selection - from The Perfect Pass by S.C. Gwynne.
Football was first played in America in 1869 between the colleges of Princeton and Rutgers, and for almost 40 years it featured nothing but running plays. Then, in 1906, came the first forward pass:

"In an era when Americans had become enthralled with the idea of things that flew, from biplanes to zeppelins -- football rules changed to allow the forward pass for the 1906 season. The change came with severe restrictions. The passer had to be 5 yards behind the line, an incomplete pass resulted in a loss of possession, and a pass could not cross the goal line for a touchdown. The shape of the ball would remain unchanged, watermelon-like and difficult to throw. ...


The entire 1907 Carlisle football squad
"Still, the rules did not say teams had to pass, merely that they could. And, overwhelmingly, they chose not to. But there were exceptions, and the new rules inevitably gave rise to history's first forward pass. On September 5, 1906, in a game between St. Louis University and Carroll College, a quarterback named Bradbury Robinson threw the first downfield overhand spiral pass. The first team to really grasp the significance of the rules changes was the Carlisle Indian Industrial School, in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, which had been founded in 1879 as the first federally funded, off­-reservation boarding school for Native Americans. The school's football team was coached by a man named Glenn Scobey 'Pop' Warner, considered to be the father of the modern game of football. Using speed, deception, forward passes -- the Indians had somehow figured out how to throw short spirals with the unaerodynamic ball -- and Warner's brilliant new single wing formation, the Carlisle School became one of the most exciting teams in the country. In a landmark 1907 game against the fourth-ranked, unscored-upon University of Pennsylvania, the Indians completed an unheard-of 8 of 16 passes, gained 402 yards to Penn's 76, and won 26-6. This was in spite of Penn's huge size advantage. A Sac and Fox Indian named Jim Thorpe made his debut in that game, threw a complete pass, and cut loose on a 45-yard run. Two months later Carlisle beat perennial powerhouse Harvard, spawning a near riot on the field.

"Despite such successes, the main body of the game clung tightly to tradition. Harvard and Penn took no particular lessons from the pass-happy Indians, other than the idea that they were running a screwy novelty act. Hardly anybody else did either. Predictably (since it continued to center on smash-mouth, mass formation running plays), the game's mortality rate started to rise again. Between September 1908 and the summer of 1909, the Chicago Tribune reported 31 deaths related to football. Two in particular shocked the nation. On Oc­tober 16 Navy's star quarterback suffered a fractured spine, which led to paralysis and death. Two weeks later, as Harvard bulldozed downfield in one of its trademark massed formations, an Army tack­ler dived headlong into the oncoming mass, breaking his neck and upper spine. He died two days later. Army and Navy both canceled the rest of their seasons. Those deaths, at such prominent schools, sparked renewed controversy, and rules were changed again, to require only seven men on the line of scrimmage and to allow only one offensive player in motion in the backfield.

"Passing's real breakthrough into the national consciousness came in 1913, after even more rules were changed and the ball was made less blunt and more airworthy. On November 1, Army, thought to be the best team in the country, took on upstart Notre Dame, a small regional college in Indiana that no one in the East took the least bit seriously. In fact if anyone at Army or in the eastern press had cared to look, they would have seen that the Fighting Irish's statistics that season were downright scary. They had scored 174 points on their last four opponents -- an unimaginable number to the East Coast football powers -- and they had done it by throwing passes in ad­dition to the usual runs. The East Coast press and football powers tut-tutted and rolled their eyes and rationalized it all by saying that this little-known Catholic school had beaten a bunch of nobodies. The New York newspapers added to the general dismissal of Notre Dame, reporting that West Point would be playing a team from South Bend, Illinois. The boys from Army, of course, were sticking to their old rough-and-tumble ground game.


Charles Emile 'Gus' Dorais
"They would soon have cause to rethink their assumptions. In the middle of the first quarter, with the game tied, 0-0, Notre Dame quarterback Charles Emile 'Gus' Dorais took the snap from center, dropped back five steps, and launched a perfect spiral that traveled 40 yards and hit receiver Knute Rockne at a full run for a touchdown. It is impossible to fully appreciate today the shock that this single play produced. Neither the Army team nor the spectators had ever seen anyone throw a football 40 yards, much less a perfect strike to a sprinting receiver. 'Everybody seemed astonished,' recalled Rockne, who would go on to become the 20th century's most famous college football coach. 'There had been no tackling, no plunging, no crushing of fiber and sinew. Just a long-distance touchdown by rapid transit.' It was as though, in that split second, when the ball had landed in Rockne's outstretched hands, the men on the field were suddenly playing a completely different game, one that involved speed and deception and movement through open space instead of the usual bloody grind. Dorais mixed long and short passes with the usual runs, and Notre Dame not only upset the favored team but completely outmaneuvered the Black Knights, 35-13. (On the Army bench that day sat an injured, deeply frustrated halfback named Dwight David Eisenhower. Next to him sat his injured roommate, Omar Bradley.)"

To subscribe, please click here or text "nonfiction" to 22828.
The Perfect Pass: American Genius and the Reinvention of Football
Author: S.C. Gwynne
Publisher: Scribner
Copyright 2016 by Samuel C. Gwynne
Pages: 23-25





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Thursday, January 11, 2018

Final College Football Rankings FBS 2017-2018

Final College Football Rankings FBS 2017-2018 (by SportPundit)
(updated 11 January 2018)

These are the SportPundit final college football rankings for the 2017 regular season including the 2017/2018 bowl and playoff games. Our system is based on NAYPPA (net average yards per play advantage) stats, which we calibrate primarily by adjusting for schedule difficulty. Other adjustments are made (*=adjustment(s)). We take the season's cumulative yards per play stat data from cfbstats.com or from college and university football athletic pages online, as linked below next to each team's name.

UCF is in our view the undefeated FBS football champion this season. 

As written at Wikipedia: "The College Football Playoff is not an officially sanctioned championship event by the NCAA, the sport's governing body. Consequently, Division I FBS football is the only NCAA sport in which a yearly national champion is not determined by an NCAA event, nor is an official NCAA national championship awarded." See also FBS.

The Knights weaker schedule is compensated by the fact that they were the top scoring team in the nation, which balances out the scheduling argument, since that scoring proficiency must be added to UCF's credit to counterbalance the weaker schedule calculation.

We put undefeated UCF at Nr. 1 primarily for the following logical reason.
Georgia is 13-2 with a loss to Auburn (40-17). 
The Dawgs won "the return match" 28-7, which combined gives Auburn a two-point edge.
Alabama is 13-1 with a loss to Auburn (24-16), which gives Auburn an 8-point edge.
UCF (Central Florida) is 13-0 with a win over Auburn (34-27), which gives UCF the edge. 

Schedule difficulty may give other teams a higher rating here, e.g. Alabama, but it is WINS and LOSSES that (should) always determine championships, not the statistics.

Caveat emptor (Buyer beware): We make this material available in good fun out of interest for the sport of college football. Please do not rely on our material to place bets or wagers of any kind. No one knows the exact outcome of a game or a season before it is played and that is what makes it so interesting. We disclaim any and all liability for the consequences of anyone relying in any way upon our postings, analysis, links or reasoning -- for which we make no warranty of accuracy. May the best team win.

Final College Football Rankings FBS 2017-2018 by SportPundit
(note that our "normal" UCF ranking would be about 10th by rating) 

As written at the Wikipedia: "As of the current 2017 college football season, there are 10 conferences and 130 schools in FBS...."

Column 1Column 2Column 3Column 4Column 5Column 6Column 7Column 8
Post-Bowl RANK 2017-2018 by Sport Pundit TEAM
Name
(# sign means a coaching change for the upcoming 2018-2019 season)
NAYPPA= net average yards per play advantage offense over defense, stats calculated using data from cfbstats.com (our calculation) yards per play offense via cfbstats.
com

the
links below are to the school sites
yards
per play
defense
via cfbstats.
com
Schedule difficulty based on Massey Ratings, Sagarin USA Today Rankings & Ratings,
& our own ratings of average rank of opponents
x 3 divided by 100 which is then deducted from NAYPPA (*= plus other adjustments)
Won-loss record (W-L) for the 2017-2018 season - with 0.2 rating points deducted
per loss)
Post-Bowl 2017
-2018 Team Rating
by
Sport Pundit
(no rating is given below -4.9)
1UCF #1.77.465.7440*13-00.5***
UCF 712016 UCF season -0.14.684.7840*6-7-2.7
2Alabama2.66.593.9920*13-1+2.0
3Georgia2.06.704.6920*13-2+1.4
4Oklahoma2.48.295.8420*12-2+1.4
5Ohio State2.46.884.4420*12-2+1.4
6Clemson1.55.744.2720*12-2+0.6
7Auburn1.46.174.670*10-4+0.6
8Wisconsin1.76.094.4230*13-1+0.6
9Penn State1.86.584.7730*11-2+0.5
10Notre Dame1.36.395.0520*10-3+0.1
11Miami (FL)1.56.244.7730*10-3+0.0
12Oklahoma St.1.87.345.5140*10-3+0.0
13LSU 1.16.195.0720*9-4-0.3
14USC0.96.555.6220*11-3-0.3
15Washington2.06.424.4255*10-3-0.3
16TCU1.06.095.0740*11-3 -0.8
17Michigan St.0.35.134.8720*10-3-0.9
18Stanford0.56.455.9815*9-5-0.9
19Michigan0.75.184.5220*8-5-0.9
20N. Carolina St.0.45.995.5620*9-4-1.0
21Washington St0.45.565.1320*9-4-1.0
22Iowa0.15.125.080*8-5-1.1
23Iowa State0.2 5.555.4010*8-5-1.1
24 Memphis1.67.355.7570*10-3-1.1
25Boise State1.05.804.8350*11-3-1.1
26Miss. St. #0.35.515.2320*9-4-1.1
27Florida State #0.9 5.664.7525*7-6-1.1
28Wake Forest0.76.295.5625*8-5-1.1
29Louisville1.87.395.6165**8-5-1.1
30Troy1.46.174.7880*11-2-1.4
31FL Atl. FAU1.66.805.1980*11-3-1.4
32South Florida1.36.154.8480**10-2-1.5
33Northwestern0.35.315.0240*10-3-1.5
34South Carolina0.35.465.1635*9-4-1.6
35Oregon #1.06.105.0750*7-6-1.7
36Virginia Tech0.35.395.0640*9-4-1.7
37Texas Tech0.36.175.7820*6-7-1.7
38Utah0.65.645.0740*7-6-1.8
39San Diego St.1.26.295.0980*10-3-1.8
40Mississippi #0.76.906.1645*6-6-1.8
41Texas0.05.155.1920*7-6-1.8
42Missouri1.57.135.6070*7-6-1.8
43Georgia Tech0.25.745.5230*5-6-1.9
44UCLA #0.16.396.2620*6-7-1.9
45Florida #-0.55.195.730***4-7-1.9
46Kansas State0.36.145.8245*8-5-1.9
47Fresno State0.95.784.8665*10-4-1.9
48Purdue0.35.595.2735*7-6-2.0
49Boston Coll.-0.35.105.3720*7-6-2.1
50Army 0.35.976.2565*10-3-2.2
51Duke-0.34.925.2230*7-6-2.2
52Maryland-0.55.155.6205*4-8-2.2
53Indiana0.14.994.9230*5-7-2.2
54Appalach. St. 1.16.455.3190*9-4-2.4
55Toledo1.36.915.63105*11-3-2.4
56Texas A&M #-0.15.545.6340*7-6-2.5
57West Virginia0.26.356.1450*7-6-2.5
58Houston0.66.005.3770*7-5-2.5
59Wyoming0.14.684.6755*8-5-2.6
60N. Illinois0.55.104.6270*8-5-2.6
61Arizona State-0.65.716.3330*7-6-2.7
62Nebraska #-0.85.596.3410*4-8-2.7
63 Vanderbilt-0.25.605.8540*5-7-2.8
64Tennessee #-1.24.775.940***4-8-2.8
65Syracuse-1.15.336.4010*4-8-2.9
66Pittsburgh-0.65.355.9630*5-7-2.9
67Arkansas #-0.85.596.4520*4-8-3.0
68Kentucky-0.75.566.2240*7-6-3.1
69Temple0.15.525.4070*7-6-3.2
70Navy-0.16.036.1765*7-6-3.2
71N. Carolina-0.55.325.8530*3-9-3.2
72W. Michigan-0.25.465.6475*6-6-3.2
73Colorado-0.65.516.1240*5-7-3.2
74Colorado St.0.36.556.2975*7-6-3.2
75Arkansas St.0.86.095.29100*7-5-3.2
76Arizona1.07.016.0370*7-6-3.2*
77Virginia-0.54.905.4045*6-7-3.2
78Miami (OH)0.15.555.4270*5-7-3.4
79Minnesota-0.64.885.5240*5-7-3.2
80California-0.65.175.8140*5-7-3.2
81SMU #-0.26.396.5960*7-6-3.2
82C. Michigan0.55.495.0390*8-5-3.2
83Ohio1.16.435.30120*9-4-3.3
84M. Tennessee0.75.684.9595*7-6-3.4
85E. Michigan 0.15.425.3470*5-7-3.4
86North Texas 0.26.145.9090*9-5-3.5
87N. Mexico St.0.55.825.3695*7-6-3.5
88Utah State0.55.625.1790*6-7-3.6
89Louisiana Tech0.15.735.5985*7-6-3.7
90Illinois-1.04.645.6625*2-10-3.7
91W. Kentucky -0.25.325.5270*6-7-3.7
92Florida Int. FIU-0.35.736.0280*8-5-3.7
93Marshall0.65.504.95110*8-5-3.7
94Georgia State 0.35.465.80100*7-5-3.7
95Rutgers-1.34.435.7230*4-8-3.8
96BYU-0.25.145.3560*4-9-3.8
97Akron-1.14.886.0270*7-7-3.8*
98Southern Miss0.85.895.0590*8-5-3.9
99Tulane-0.95.766.6855*5-7-3.9
100UTSA 0.75.654.96120*6-5-3.9
101Air Force-1.35.526.8145*5-7-4.0
102UAB0.05.435.391008-5-4.0
103Buffalo0.86.265.49100*6-6-4.2
104Kansas-1.84.646.4410*1-11-4.3
105LA Monroe-0.96.377.2660*4-8-4.3
106LA Laf. #-0.85.786.5870**5-7-4.3
107Nevada-0.25.876.1275*3-9-4.3
108Co. Carolina # -0.55.536.0570*3-9-4.4
109UMass0.26.005.76100*4-8-4.4
110Oregon St. #-1.45.186.6130*1-11-4.5
111New Mexico-0.65.506.1370*3-9-4.5
112Idaho -0.55.095.6180*4-8-4.5
113Cincinnati-0.65.245.8575*4-8-4.5
114UConn-1.35.496.7745**3-9-4.5
115Baylor -0.95.556.4650*1-11 -4.6
116Old Dominion-0.94.945.8080*5-7-4.7
117UNLV-0.16.206.27110*5-7-4.8
118Bowling Green-1.15.486.610*2-10-4.8
119S. Alabama # -0.85.105.8880*4-8-4.8
120San Jose St.-1.64.606.2180*2-11-4.9
121Rice #-1.05.446.4390*1-11-4.9
122Hawaii-1.05.736.7670*3-9-4.9
123East Carolina-2.35.447.7250*3-9-4.9*
124Tulsa-1.65.717.3170*2-10-4.9*
125Texas State-1.44.776.18100*2-10-4.9
126Ball State-2.24.466.62110*2-10-4.9
127Charlotte -1.24.926.16100*1-11-4.9
128GA Southern #-1.84.756.6080*2-10-4.9
129Kent State #-1.84.386.2170*2-10-4.9
130UTEP #-2.14.096.2490*0-12-4.9

Sky Earth Native America


Sky Earth Native America 1 :
American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
,
Volume 1, Edition 2, 266 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Sky Earth Native America 2 :
    American Indian Rock Art Petroglyphs Pictographs
    Cave Paintings Earthworks & Mounds as Land Survey & Astronomy
    ,
    Volume 2, Edition 2, 262 pages, by Andis Kaulins.

  • Both volumes have the same cover except for the labels "Volume 1" viz. "Volume 2".
    The image on the cover was created using public domain space photos of Earth from NASA.

    -----

    Both book volumes contain the following basic book description:
    "Alice Cunningham Fletcher observed in her 1902 publication in the American Anthropologist
    that there is ample evidence that some ancient cultures in Native America, e.g. the Pawnee in Nebraska,
    geographically located their villages according to patterns seen in stars of the heavens.
    See Alice C. Fletcher, Star Cult Among the Pawnee--A Preliminary Report,
    American Anthropologist, 4, 730-736, 1902.
    Ralph N. Buckstaff wrote:
    "These Indians recognized the constellations as we do, also the important stars,
    drawing them according to their magnitude.
    The groups were placed with a great deal of thought and care and show long study.
    ... They were keen observers....
    The Pawnee Indians must have had a knowledge of astronomy comparable to that of the early white men."
    See Ralph N. Buckstaff, Stars and Constellations of a Pawnee Sky Map,
    American Anthropologist, Vol. 29, Nr. 2, April-June 1927, pp. 279-285, 1927.
    In our book, we take these observations one level further
    and show that megalithic sites and petroglyphic rock carving and pictographic rock art in Native America,
    together with mounds and earthworks, were made to represent territorial geographic landmarks
    placed according to the stars of the sky using the ready map of the starry sky
    in the hermetic tradition, "as above, so below".
    That mirror image of the heavens on terrestrial land is the "Sky Earth" of Native America,
    whose "rock stars" are the real stars of the heavens, "immortalized" by rock art petroglyphs, pictographs,
    cave paintings, earthworks and mounds of various kinds (stone, earth, shells) on our Earth.
    These landmarks were placed systematically
    in North America, Central America (Meso-America) and South America
    and can to a large degree be reconstructed as the Sky Earth of Native America."

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